Destination Guide India >
DESTINATION GUIDE INDIA -
ABOUT PUSHKAR CITY
Ajmer (132 kms from Jaipur in the state of Rajasthan) on the
edge of the desert lies the tiny tranquil town of Pushkar
along the bank of the picturesque Pushkar Lake. This is an
important pilgrimage spot for the Hindus, which has the only
temple of Lord Brahma in the country and the world. Lord
Brahma is known as the creator of the world as per the Hindu
The Pushkar lake also has a mythological significance
associated with it. As per Hindu mythology, Lord Brahma was on
his way to search for a suitable place to perform a "Yagna' (a
fire sacrifice), while contemplating a lotus fell from his
hand on the warth and water sprouted from that place. One of
them was Pushkar where Lord brahma performed "Yagna".
As indicated by Pushkar's position as the starting point of
the grand pilgrimage, the worship of Brahma was considered
highly important at the end of the first millennium BC.
Pushkar is the only pilgrimage shrine dedicated to Brahma in
the whole of India. The function of Brahma - creating the
world - has been completed, while Vishnu (the preserver) and
Shiva (the destroyer) still have relevance to the continuing
order of the universe. Brahma is also a god of the Aryan
invaders and during Vedic times, his cult temporarily
displaced the more ancient indigenous Shiva and Shakti cults.
With the passing of the period of major Aryan influence, these
deities reemerged more powerful than before.
There is the
holy lake, which has 52 ghats and pilgrim taking a ritual dip
in the lake is a common sight specially during the festival.
ATTRACTIONS AND PLACES - PUSHKAR CITY
One of the most
popular and colorful fairs of the Thar desert is the Pushkar
fair, which begins on Kartik Shukla Ekadashi & goes on for
five days till Kartik Purnima. The time of the fair coincides
with the bright half of the moon during the months of
These five days
are a period of relaxation and merry-making for the villagers,
despite being the busiest for them, as this is one of the
largest cattle fairs in the country. Animals, mainly camels,
are brought from miles around. Trading is brisk as several
thousand heads of cattle exchange hands. All the camels are
cleaned, washed, adorned, some are interestingly shorn to form
patterns, and special stalls are set up selling finery and
jewelry for the camels. Camels at the Pushkar fair are
decorated with great care. They wear jewelry of silver and
beads. There are silver bells and bangles around their ankles
that jingle-jangle when they walk. An interesting ritual is
the piercing of a camel's nose.
Races and competitions are organized. Camels lope across the
sands sometimes throwing their riders on to the vast sands,
amidst cheers and jeers from thousands of spectators. An
interesting event is the camel beauty contest, where they are
adorned and paraded. The camels preen before the crowds,
enjoying every moment of the attention they get.
It is believed that for five days every year, all the gods
visit Pushkar and bless the devout. This accounts for the
unbelievable number of devotees who flock to the lake to wash
away their sins.
semicircular lake around which there are 52 "Ghats".
max depth of the lake is 10 mts. The lake is a holy place and
is known as the king of the "Trithas". The bath at Pushkar is
thought to be more important than at any other place. The holy
dip in this lake on kartika Purnima is thought to be salvation
giving. The man who BATHES in the Shukla Paksha of Karitha
month and has the Darshan of varah will not take rebirth on
this earth and enjoy the bliss of heaven. The people who have
a holy dip at the lake on karitha Purinama, gain the fruit
equal to do the Jap and Tap for one hundred years. There are
many yajna spots which cannot be counted even by Vrihshpati,
the teacher of the gods.
The one-hour trek up to the hilltop Savitri Temple overlooking
the lake is best made early in the morning; the view is
Originally built in the 12th century, Varah Temple was, like
many others, destroyed by the bigoted Emperor Aurangzeb (who,
it is said , was particularly upset by the huge idol here of
Varah, the god with the body of a man and the head of the
boar.) Reconstructed BY Raja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur in
1727, the temple has an interesting and richly ornamented
A Beautiful temple built in the 19th century, it was described
by a British traveler of the time as "by far the most
remarkable, for the elegance of its structure and the nature
of its ornaments, of all the temples Pushkar boasts of." It is
also noteworthy for its white marble Mahadeva image, with its
five faces (and its traditional tufts of hair).
One of Pushkar's largest and most intricate temples, the
Ramavaikunth Temple was built in the 1920's and has
beautifully sculpted images of no less than 361 different
deities. The ornate outer gopuram over the entrance is said to
have been built by a team of masons specially brought here
from south India.
HOW TO REACH
Air : Jaipur, the nearest airport is 138 kms. (86 miles).
Rail : Ajmer is connected to Delhi, Agra, Jaipur,
Ahmedabad, Udaipur, Abu Road and Jodhpur by regular trains.
Two of the best trains of the Indian Railways, Pink City
Express and Shatabdi Express connect Ajmer to Delhi and Jaipur.
Road : A dense network of bus service operates from Ajmer
to key destinations around. Distances from important tourist
centres are: -
- Jaipur: 138
kms. (86 miles).
- Delhi: 392 kms. (244 miles).
- Ahmedabad: 526 kms. (327 miles).
- Jaisalmer: 490 kms. (304 miles).
- Bikaner: 233 kms. (145 miles).