Destination Guide India > Agra
DESTINATION GUIDE INDIA - AGRA
ABOUT AGRA CITY
Agra, the city
of grand Taj Mahal, was established in 1475 by Badal Singh and
is located in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh. Agra is
also mentioned in the Mahabharata as Agraban. This city in
those days was considered to be the sister city of Mathura
which was more prominent than Agraban. Agra owns some of the
most beautiful monuments speaking volumes about the
architecture of the bygone era. Agra has exquisite mosques,
tombs, forts and palaces. The narrow lanes of Agra filled with
aroma of Mughlai cuisine, the craftsman who are busy in
crating master pieces with their skill all remind of the
Mughal royalty which this city had once experienced. Today
whatever remains, has become a major tourist attraction which
has taken Agra again to the heights of glory but this time as
a major tourist destination of India.
ATTRACTIONS - AGRA CITY
Chini-Ka-Rauza : This tomb of glazed tiles is a memorial
dedicated to poet-scholar and later the Prime Minister of Shah
Jahan, Allama Afzel Khal Mullah Shukrullah of Shiraz.
» Jama Masjid : This mosque was built by
Shah Jahan in 1648. At the main gate of this mosque one can
find inscription written on it that it was built by Jahanara
Begum, the favorite daughter of Shah Jahan and was imprisoned
with him. Due to the absence of minarets and the shape of the
dome, it gets a distinguished character.
Taj Mahal : Taj Mahal, the epitome of love, was built by
Shah Jahan in the memory of his beautiful wife Mumtaz Mahal.
This elegant monument of love is one of the most visited and
most photographed places in the world. Taj Mahal is an
amalgation of Indo-Persian architecture, depicting the love of
Mughal emperors for buildings .
Agra Red Fort : The Agra fort was built for military
purpose by Akbar in 1565, the red sandstone Agra fort was
partially converted into a palace during Shah Jahan's time.
Though the principle structure was built by Akbar many more
additions were made by his grandsons.
Sikandra : Sikandra is situated 4 km from Agra. It is the
beautiful mausoleum of Akbar, construction of which was
started by Akbar himself . This structure has a perfect
blending of Hindu, Christian , Islamic, Buddhist and Jain
» Mariyam Tomb : The Mariyam tomb is
dedicated to the wife of Akbar. It is located on the Delhi-
Agra highway and was built in 1611. This red sand stone tomb
of Mariyam-us-Zamani has lovely carvings, which are worth
giving a closer look.
» Fatehpur Sikri : Fatehpur Sikri is built
37 kms from Agra, predominantly in Red Sandstone. Fatehpur
Sikri was built during 1571 and 1585. This town was planned
and built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar, as his capital but
shortage of water compelled him to abandon the city and within
20 years the capital of Mughals was shifted to Lahore.
» Ram Bagh : Ram Bagh is one of the first
Mughal gardens laid by Babur when he came to India. It is
located around 500 m North of the Chini Ka Rauza. These well
laid gardens have now lost their actual form. One needs to
imagine a lot to picture how these gardens must have looked in
Mathura / Mughal : Mathura is the place where Krishna, one
of the incarnations of Lord Vishnu was born. It is one of the
major pilgrimage for the Hindus, located 58 Kms from Agra.
HOW TO REACH AGRA
Air : Agra airport or the Kheria airport, connects Agra
with all the major places in India. All the major domestic
airlines have their services to this place of the Taj.
» Rail : Agra railway station connects Agra
to almost every corner of the nation.
» Road : Agra has the National Highway
Numbers 2, 3, 11 passing through it, which connects it to the
other places in the State as well as outside the state. The
state transports have deluxe as well as ordinary bus services
for the place.