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DESTINATION GUIDE INDIA -
ABOUT MADURAI CITY
Madurai was the
capital city of the Pandya kings of South India.
Madurai has been a centre of learning and pilgrimage, for
centuries. Legend has it, that the divine nectar falling from
Lord Shiva's locks, gave the city its name - Madhurapuri, now
known as Madurai.
Madurai is a
place where people ofen tend to visit. There are many places
with national importance. It is also known as temple city.
Madurai is situated on the banks of Vaigai River in Tamil Nadu,
a southern Indian state. It is the second largest city of
Tamil Nadu and has a population in excess of 1.1 million. It
is well known for the Meenakshi temple situated at the heart
of the town which attracts tourists as well as pilgrims.
Madurai has a rich cultural heritage passed on from the great
Tamil era more than 2500 years old, and has been an important
commercial centre even as early as 550 AD.
ATTRACTIONS AND PLACES - MADURAI CITY
Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple
Madurai Meenakshi Temple is located just one
bus stand in the city of Madurai. Meenakshi is the residing
deity in the temple. Kulasekara Pandya was
the king who was the one who constructed the temple. But it
is said that the temple developed in the reign of the Nayaks.
It was in the 16th to the 18th century when the temple was
built to what is now called as the Meenakshi Amman Temple.
towers of the number that number to about 12 are the
landmarks in the city. They are the;
East Tower – The east tower has height of 161'3".
There are about 1011 sudhai figures in the Gopura.
2. South Tower – The south tower has height
of 170'6". There are about 1511 sudhai figures in the Gopura.
3. West Tower – The west tower height is
163'3" with about 1124 sudhai figures in the Gopura.
4. North Tower – The north tower height is
160'6" with less number of sudhai figures than the other
Thirumalai Nayak Palace
Thirumalai Nayakar Mahal is one of the important
tourist attractions in Madurai situated very near to the
temple. It was built by the King in the year 1636. An Italian
architect built the palace for the king. The king and family
resided in the palace. The Swargavilasa and
Rangavilasa are the two parts in the palace. There
are various other places in the palace where the tourists are
allowed to go.
The tourist can
visit the palace for an entrance fee. It is said that during
the British rule in India , the place was used for
administrative purposes. Now the Archaeological Department of
the country has declared the palace as a national monument and
now the palaces has been renovated and open for public. In the
evenings, the Light and sound show takes
place in the palace in which the life history of the king and
rule in Madurai is being told with sound and light effects.
as the living monument of the “Father of the Nation” Mahatma
Gandhi. The Gandhi Memorial Trust came into existence after
the assassination of Gandhi in the year 1948,
through funds raised by public contribution. The trust
allocated a huge amount to set up Gandhi Memorial Museums in
seven places in the country associated with the life of
Madurai was selected as one among the seven places for setting
up the memorial as several important decisions were made by
Gandhi during his visit to Madurai. It was during his visit to
Madurai in the year 1921, he made up his mind to wear a small
towel like dhothi around the waist as his dress after seeing
the poor people dressed in scarce clothes. He was mentally
agitated and took up a firm decision to give up his rich
dressing pattern. Still, one can find a firm proof at the
residence where Gandhi started his simple mode of dressing.
Also Gandhi visited Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple in the year
1946 when Harijans were allowed for the first time into the
About 21 kms
from the city of Madurai is situated the beautiful temple
Azhagar Koil . It is a temple that has the
residing deity as Vishnu. The Lord here is known by the name
Azhagar. He is the brother of Goddess Meenakshi and when the
wedding of the Lord and Goddess takes place in the month of
Chithrai, Azhagar travels from here to Madurai to witness the
wedding of the Lord.
One of the six abodes of Lord Subramanya,
Palamudhirsolai is situated above Azhagar Koil in the
hills about 4 kms away. At the top of the hill is situated the
natural spring Nuburagangai where the
pilgrims take bath.
HOW TO REACH
Air : Madurai is well
connected by air to and from Mumbai, Chennai and Bangalore.
» Rail :
Madurai is well connected by
trains to and from Chennai.
Road : Madurai is
connected by roads to Chennai (472 kms) Madras (472 kms),
Trichy (142 kms), Rameshwaram (139 kms), Kanyakumari (232 kms),
Bangalore (446kms) and Bombay (1454 kms).